Allama Muhammad Iqbal (R.A)

This article is related to the personality of our national poet Dr. Allama Iqbal. Allama Muhammad Iqbal was born on 9, November 1877 mostly people known as Allama Iqbal was a Muslim poet and philosopher. He is also known as the poet of the east. He wrote poetry Urdu and Persian. He is commonly known as Dr. Allama Iqbal.

Early life and Education:

Muhammad Iqbal’s father was sheik Noor Muhammad who works in a small government job but later starts his business. He was tailor by profession and his mother was imam bibi. Both Allama Iqbal’s mother and father were very religious minded people and lead a simple life. He admitted Iqbal to the mosque to learn the Quran. After complete his early Islamic education then he got admission in mission high school in Sialkot. Then he went to government college Lahore where he did a bachelor of arts in philosophy, English literature, and Arabic. For higher education, he went to the west.

The career of Iqbal:

In his early career, Iqbal also becomes a new poet and writer. He used to go to attend the mushier in the Bhati gate area of old Lahore city. Here he meets many famous poets and writers and began to write good poems which become very popular day by day. After complete his BA and MA from government college, Lahore at this same institution Iqbal was appointed a professor and sometime he was selected for higher studies in England and Europe.  In 1919, he became the general secretary of AnjumanHimayat-e-Islam. Then in 1927, Iqbal was elected to the Punjab Legislative assembly and was later elected to preside over the session of the Muslim League. It was there that he for the first time introduced the idea of ‘Pakistan’.

Ideological work:

Allama Iqbal was a great poet and a philosopher, he was concerned about the thoughts and ideas of Muslims everywhere, but especially Indian Muslims.  Iqbal assumed strongly in Sir Syed Ahmed Khan’s idea about ‘Two Nation theory’. Allama’s words and ideas inspired many Muslims, some of whom became leaders of the Muslim League, and struggled to obtain Pakistan later.

Allama Iqbal Books:

He has written thousands of books in Urdu, Punjabi, English, and Persian.

Persian:

Out of his 12,000 verses of poetry, about 7,000 verses are in Persian. His most famous Persian writings are:

Asrar-i-Khudi

Rumuz-i-Bekhudi

Payam-e-Mashriq

Zabur-e-Ajam

Javed Nama

Urdu:

In 1924 his first collection of Urdu poetry was published. Most Famous Allama Iqbal Books in Urdu are:

Bang-e-Dara

Pas Cheh Bayed KardaiAqwam-e-Sharq

Bal-e-Jibril

Armughan-e-Hijaz

English:

Punjabi:

He has written many poems in Punjabi, most of them were for children of young age. Most famous among them are:

Miyahara Jedi

Baba Bakri Wala

All of his writings are mostly concerned with the young generation, trying to give them a wakeup call. He has made the young people realize that they are full of potential. They can conquer everything they want. It was due to his wakeup calls, that Muslims of subcontinent got united and worked together for the cause of separate homeland.

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Death

He died on 21 April 1938 in Lahore.